Market Overview

City Transport in Ukraine: Important Facts 2019

According to the data by the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine, during recent reference period 5407 mln. passengers were transported in urban connection, among them: 2575 mln. people with buses; 1300 mln. with trolleybuses; 757 mln. with trams; 775 mln. with metro. Annually over 2 billion passengers use urban electric transport (trams, trolleybuses), among them 67% are citizens of welfare beneficiaries.

As for today, 95% of tramcars and 67% of trolleybuses exhausted their lifetime and need replacement. Also significant part of tram roads and energy supply objects needs urgent major repair. Aging of urban electric transport and insufficient tempo of its renewal lead to the reduction of tramcars and trolleybuses fleet (about 200 units annually), to disparity of technical level to modern requirements, to significant growth (approx. by 25%) of energy consumption and operation costs, to the lack of sufficient comfort level, quality an security of provided services.

Rolling Stock Purchase

Mostly cities can enlarge their fleet only due to the loans and financial leasing contracts of international and domestic financial organizations. Poltava expects loan of 10 mln.Euro from the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBDR) for the purchase of 40 trolleybuses and modernization of three electric substations. Poltava City Council has intentions to sign financial leasing contract with PrivatBank to buy 12 buses.

International Financial Corporation (IFC) plans to allot 50 mln.Euro to Lviv for the renewal of urban transport infrastructure, incl. purchase of 100 new trolleybuses with autonomous pace and power lines repair. Witnin the framework of the project «Urban public transport of Ukraine» Lviv authorities want to take a loan of 24 mln.Euro from EBRD to purchase 10 new trams and 100 new buses.

EBRD will provide loan of 18 mln.Euro to Mariupil for the purchase of 72 low-floor trolleybuses, reconstruction of depot and contact system. Kherson made an application to EBRD to obtain 12,5 mln.Euro loan for financing of trolleybus fleet renewal and infrastructure modernization. These funds are supposed to be directed to the purchase of 12m low-floor trolleybuses, modernization of contact system and tracking substations.

Dnipro ratifies leasing contract of 13 mln.Euro with EBRD to buy 44 new trolleybuses. Mykolaiv plans to purchase 60 new trolleybuses at EBRD loan cost.

Not only new rolling stock is in demand, cities actively buy second-hand transport. Dnipro bought in Germany 20 updated tramcars Tatra T4D. In 2020-2021 it is planned to import about 80 trams additionally. One of major private operators in Odessa purchases old large-capacity CNG buses in Austria. Starting from August 2019 nine second-hand multiple-unit trolleybuses from the Netherlands will begin to appear in Zaporizhia.

Electrobuses in Ukraine

Transportation with electrobuses in Ukrainian cities has unit character. The only Elektron electrobus operates in Lviv. It is provided by local producer and uses technology of night charge. In Odessa first trolleybus with autonomous pace was produced as updated version of low-floor Scoda trolleybus. Now it undergoes certification procedure. In several Ukrainian cities Chinese electrobus "Skywell" operates in test mode.

In 2018 Ukrainian municipal transport operators signed contracts for the supply of 238 large-capacity city buses. At the same time, none of electrobuses were bought. Currently only Zaporizhia plans to sign a contract for the purchase of electrobuses due to the program of green investments (so called Kyoto Protocol). These electrobuses should replace outdated diesel-fuel buses.

High cost of rolling stock and absence of charging network remain the main problems in electrobuses operations in Ukraine. European practice shows that during purchase of electobus 60% of its cost is compensated by city budgets, without shifting these expenses to public transport operators. Besides, Ukrainian automotive producers are ready to launch their own electrobuses, on condition that they will have orders and interested buyers can demonstrate paying capacity. The question about state programs to support electobuses purchase is still opened.

New Technologies

Information boards and «smart» public transport stops, GPS-navigation to monitor public transport movement, planning systems for transport and passenger-flows new technologies actively enter everyday urban life.

E-ticket is the most obvious innovation that was already appreciated by the citizens of nine Ukrainian cities: Bila Tserkva, Vinnitsa, Dnipro, Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Lviv, Mukachevo, Ternopil and Kharkiv. By the end of 2019 citizens of Lutsk and Uzhhorod will join them.  

Cashless fare collection system in public transport is already represented in multiple forms: QR-codes, validators with option to pay with plastic card, sms-tickets and blue tooth-tickets.

Urban Mobility

In Ukraine starting from the 1 September 2018 new state construction standards came into force – related to Territories planning and Development”. According to them, cities having population over 100 thousand people should develop long-term development strategy for their transport systemcombined transport scheme (CTS) with a perspective of 30-40 years. CTS should be developed by local authorities as a separate document on the basis of the approved city master plan.

Nowadays communities grow actively, villages turn into cities, cities into megalopolises. Thats why during their development it is necessary to know traffic performance, number of parking areas for citizens, etc.

Main challenges faced by Ukrainian cities include: public transport (weakly developed, duplicated and unpopular), lack of bicycle infrastructure, poor pedestrian infrastructure, growth of automobilization (especially in Kyiv).

That is why classical urban mobility plans include: development of public transport, traffic safety, development of bicycle infrastructure, popularization of walking by foot, external transport service and parking space.

Passenger mini-vans make big problem for many Ukrainian cities. This transport mode manages to stuff the biggest highways and prevent electric transport movement. Zhytomyr and Mykolaiv during interconnection with private operators count on transfer from the model of payment for the rout to the model of payment for transport work. Currently implementation of the same transfer is under discussion in Kyiv and Lviv.  

None city can manage completely without private transport operators, but cooperation with them can become acceptable. That is why city authorities should take all opportunities to promote public transport and develop optimizations schemes for its routes. We are talking about the decrease of small-capacity transport and growth of the share of large-capacity vehicles. As well as about integration of entire ticket for transfer to other transport routes. The other way is to create metropolitan area, i.e. exit of transport model out the city limits to closest villages and communities.

Parking Market in Ukraine: Important Facts 2019

The law «About changes to certain legal acts related to the reform of vehicles parking sphere» came into force at 27 September 2018.

The main challenges related to parking in big and small cities include: traffic jams, systematic and unpunished rules violation during stop\ stand, poorly developed parking infrastructure and lack of funds in city budgets for its building, blocking of pedestrian footpaths, sidewalks and green zones, prevention of public transport work.

Separate parking inspection services have been already formed and operate in Kyiv, Odessa, Dnipro, Lutsk, Kharkiv, Lviv, Ternopil. Other municipalities actively discuss an implementation of the similar initiatives. Currently parking inspectors have rights:

  • to call drivers to administrative account when they violate traffic code in the part of stop/stand of vehicles;
  • to impose fines to vehicle driver if he didn’t pay for parking;
  • to evacuate cars if they block traffic or if they park at lots for disabled drivers.

For many cities lack of free spaces for parking becomes real problem: especially this is true for million-plus cities and in the cities with compact housing, mainly in central parts. Foreign megalopolises already managed to solve an issue with land shortage for parking. Ukraine should follow foreign experience. That is why starting from 1 July 2019 new changes to state construction standards came into force related to development and construction of automatic parking systems on the roofs of public buildings (trade and entertainments centers, administration buildings).

Simultaneously starting from 1 June 2019 new planning standards for multi-level underground garages in public buildings came into force. Approved changes will allow to increase number of parking lots and save space to arrange this type of parking areas.  

Another way to cope with traffic jams and to solve problem with lack of parking spaces is to arrange convenient intercept parkings at the entry to big city centers. New changes to construction standards also entered into force at 1 July 2019. Mentioned type pf parking areas should help to promote use of public transport.

Besides creation of parking inspection services at the local level, other priorities also include parking payment and vehicles evacuation. Not many car owners conscientiously park at special venues, not many can use parking meters and apps, and city authorities complain for the absence of own tow trucks in municipal fleet. Interesting to mention that even with proper payment for parking certain drivers can’t avoid fines because digital payment system sometimes operates not ideally and it can face failures.

However, even without having fine-tune parking payment system, first significant money from fines started to come into city budgets. In Dnipro within March-July 2019 city budget obtained 2 250 000 UAH. Taking into account that fines were paid within 10 days privileged period, i.e. drivers obtained 50% discount.

New technologies touched not only parking payment with smartphone. New concept is called «smart» parking system, which will operate in Kharkiv in the nearest future. Thanks to this system citizens will have a chance to obtain information about urban parking infrastructure, to save time and fuel during looking for parking lot that as a result will help to minimize traffic jams.

Mentioned system allows to serve parking area on-line: to control payment for parking services taking into account different tariffs, parking duration, time of the day, venue and parking zone.

Currently electric cars in Ukraine start to gain popularity. Starting from 1 January 2020 the law about the ban for the owners of fuel and diesel cars to use parking lots meant for electric cars will come into force. The bill implies that electric vehicles will be marked with special number plates in greed font, and their parking lots will be equipped with special road signs and marking.

The sphere of parking services in Ukraine only develops, but even this start serves as a proof for crucial changes that will allow to create civilized market and guarantee modern arrangement of parking areas in our cities.